Database Mail in SQL Server

Database Mail in SQL Server

Database Mail has four components.

  1. Configuration Component
    Configuration component has two sub components. One is the Database Mail account, which contains information such as the SMTP server login, Email account, Login and password for SMTP mail.

    The Second sub component is Database Mail Profile. Mail profile can be Public, meaning members of DatabaseMailUserRole in MSDB database can send email. For private profile, a set of users should be defined.

  2. Messaging Component
    Messaging component is basically all of the objects related to sending email stored in the MSDB database.

  3. Database Mail Executable
    Database Mail uses the DatabaseMail90.exe executable to send email.

  4. Logging and Auditing component
    Database Mail stores the log information on MSDB database and it can be queried using sysmail_event_log.

Database Mail Configuration

Step 1

Before setting up the Database Mail profile and accounts, we have to enable the Database Mail feature on the server. This can be done in two ways. The first method is to use Transact SQL to enable Database Mail. The second method is to use a GUI.


In the SQL Server Management Studio, execute the following statement.

use master


sp_configure 'show advanced options',1


reconfigure with override


sp_configure 'Database Mail XPs',1


--sp_configure 'SQL Mail XPs',0




Step 2

The Configuration Component Database account can be enabled by using the sysmail_add_account procedure. In this article, we are going create the account, "MyMailAccount," using as the mail server and as the e-mail account.

Please execute the statement below.

EXECUTE msdb.dbo.sysmail_add_account_sp

@account_name = 'MyMailAccount',

@description = 'Mail account for Database Mail',

@email_address = '',

@display_name = 'MyAccount',


@mailserver_name = ''

Step 3

The second sub component of the configuration requires us to create a Mail profile.

In this article, we are going to create "MyMailProfile" using the sysmail_add_profile procedure to create a Database Mail profile.

Please execute the statement below.

EXECUTE msdb.dbo.sysmail_add_profile_sp

@profile_name = 'MyMailProfile',

@description = 'Profile used for database mail'

Step 4

Now execute the sysmail_add_profileaccount procedure, to add the Database Mail account we created in step 2, to the Database Mail profile you created in step 3.

Please execute the statement below.

EXECUTE msdb.dbo.sysmail_add_profileaccount_sp

@profile_name = 'MyMailProfile',

@account_name = 'MyMailAccount',

@sequence_number = 1

Step 5

Use the sysmail_add_principalprofile procedure to grant the Database Mail profile access to the msdb public database role and to make the profile the default Database Mail profile.

Please execute the statement below.

EXECUTE msdb.dbo.sysmail_add_principalprofile_sp @profile_name = 'MyMailProfile', @principal_name = 'public',
@is_default = 1 ;

Step 6

Now let us send a test email from SQL Server.  

Please execute the statement below.


set @body1 = 'Server : '+@@servername+ ' My Second Database Email '

EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail @recipients='',

@subject = 'My Database Mail Test',

@body = @body1,

@body_format = 'HTML' ;